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What is Type 1 Diabetes ?

Type 1 Diabetes 

What is Type 1 Diabetes ?

The pancreas present in our body produces a hormone called insulin that controls our body's sugar level.

When our body becomes insulin or it is finished, then our body cannot digest sugar.

Which increases the sugar level of our body. This action is called diabetes.

And diabetes that happens to young people like below 30 years old people are called type 1 diabetes.

Symptoms Of Type 1 Diabetes

There are many types of Type 1 diabetes that I have written below.....
  • Unwanted weight loss
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Unexplained bedwetting
  • Fruity smelling breath
  • Unquenchable thirst
  • Rapid, heavy breathing
  • Less energy
  • Frequent urination
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Blurry vision
  • A headache
  • Feeling Dizzy
  • Itching, Skin Infection
  • Feeling Hungry

When to call a doctor?

When you know that you have diabetes, you should contact your doctor immediately without any delay.

And just as your doctor advises you go according to what they say.


It is very difficult to know the exact cause of type 1 diabetes, but usually the digestive system of our body.

Which battles many types of pests and prevents our body from making insulin. By this, we find out what type 1 diabetes is.

I have also mentioned some other reasons by which we have diabetes.

  • Exposure to viruses and other environmental factors
  • Genetics.

What is the role of Insulin in type 1 Diabetes?

What is Type 1 Diabetes ?

About insulin, I have told you the rows above how insulin is formed.

When the amount of insulin is done in our body or it ends, then our body is not able to control the sugar in that situation.

Insulin is a type of hormone that is formed through the pancreas.
Insulin goes into our body and leads the sugar to our cells, which in turn leads to the amount of sugar in our bloodstream.

And when the level of sugar in our blood falls, then the pancreas produces insulin.

What is the role of Glucose in type 1 Diabetes?

As you all know that sugar is the main source of energy in our body, and tissues are formed in our body only through sugar and sugar.

Glucose comes from the main sources in our body

1. By our liver and
2. Food

Sugar is absorbed in the bloodstream and enters our cells through insulin. 

And our liver collects glycogen to glucose.
When our body's glucose levels begin to decline, then when we do not take it for a long time.

The liver breaks the stored glycogen in glucose to keep our glucose levels in the normal range.

In type 1 diabetes, there is no insulin to give glucose to our cells, so sugar is formed in our bloodstream. This can cause dangerous complications in our lives.

Diet of Type 1 Diabetes Patients 

What is Type 1 Diabetes ?

What to do.
  • Patients of type 1 diabetes should consume plenty of green vegetables.
  • Fish and chicken should be eaten but meat should not be eaten.
  • Do not eat any kind of sweet things.
  • Do not take the yellow part (YOLK) of the egg at all
  • Can eat white part of the egg
  • Eat medicines from time to time
  • Low-Calorie meal
  • Take 30 to 45 minutes walk per day.
  • Regular exercises.
  • Stay in touch with your doctor.
Do not do
  • Do not eat sweet things
  • Do not add to any kind of addiction
  • Do not eat meat
  • Do not eat smooth things
  • Avoid Junk Food
Also Read

Normal Range of diabetes

What is Type 1 Diabetes ?

In 2 ways we test our blood glucose, 1 by the veins and one by the fingers.

The test in which veins are considered accurate and which is tested by fingers is also almost perfect, only a slight difference occurs.

Fasting Blood test Range (FBS) 70 - 125 mg/dl
Postprandial blood test range (PPBS) 120-170 mg/dl

Type 1 Diabetes Risk Factors?

What is Type 1 Diabetes ?

Family History-If someone in your family has diabetes then it is possible that you may have diabetes.

Age- Type 1 diabetes can be seen in people of any age. But usually, it is more in young people.

Like it appears to be in children of 3-4 years or children in 10-15 years of age.

Genetics-Due to the presence of genes present in our body, there is the possibility of type 1 diabetes.

Geographic-When we travel longer than our scheduled condition, the risk of type 1 diabetes.


  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
  • Hypoglycemia and altered awareness of hypoglycemia.
  • Diabetic Retinopathy, Cataract.
  • Nephropathy
  • Neuropathy.
  • Coronary Artery Disease, Peripheral Vascular Disease.
  • Lipodystrophy at injection Sites.


What is Type 1 Diabetes ?

  • Use Of Insulin -
Preprandial rapid-acting insulin plus basal insulin replacement with intermediate or long-acting insulin.

  • Rapid Acting Insulin-
Insulin Lispro,Insulin aspart,Insulin glulisin.

  • Short Acting Insulins-
Regular,Regular Humulin,Regular IIetin II.

  • Intermediate Acting Insulin-
Lente Humulin,Lente IIetin II ,Lente Novolin,Neutral Pratamine Hagedorn (NPH) Humulin,NPH IIetin II,NPH Novolin.

  • Premixed Insulin-
Novolin 70/30,Humulin 70/30 ,Novolog Mix 70/30.

  • Long Acting Insulins-
Ultra Lente Humulin,Insulin glargine.

When to Admit ?

  • Altered Mental Status.
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
  • Marked Volume Disorder.
  • Marked Electrolyte Disorder.
  • Unstable Comorbid Condition.

When To Refer ?

  • Team Educational Approaches critical.Enlist Nutritionist.
  • Poorly Controlled Diabetes.
Now you must have understood what type 1 diabetes is and what is the solution.

I hope these posts will helpful for to you.

Thank you very much for reading this post.

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